After Trayvon And Into The future

I am a man, I have the right to bear arms and defend my Castle and I can stand my ground if I am threatened away from that domain and I will kill without a conscious if necessary. What about that do we not understand, it is time out for marching and singing. We as men and women have to be responsible for our lives and those loves that are dependent on us. Stop buying bling and $1000 hand bags and buy a good handgun also get your license to carry a gun. This is Texas everybody packing except you, I know you are a law abiding citizen and the Lord will take care of you. Well the Lord gave you a brain such that you can reason, would you walk into a hornet’s nest and wait for the Lord to save you, well i say not unless you are Daniel or Moses. Tea Baggers keep talking about the government gonna take our gun, hell that is code talk for get armed and you had better do the same damn thing. I am not preaching war, I love all men and women that come in peace, but I will sleep the first MF that is out of line and intends to bring harm to me or mine.

I read an article today where Zimmerman and his lawyers were scared, well they have a right to be scared and I am not talking Salman Rushdie scurd either, I am talking war zone scurd. There are some mad MF out there that definitely are not thinking about the court system making this thing right, that are about vigilante justice. So yes, be scurd, I am not saying be bitch scurd, of course we all know Zimmerman has already mastered that. I am saying there is a thing called Kevlar and he better become very acquainted with it. Some say why he need to be on guard, the African American is a passive group, when things go bad for them they march and sing. I am saying the natives are restless and so damn angry and frustrated they are killing each other.

I was born in a time of turmoil in America, but we as a whole came thru it..as a matter of fact things were pretty peaceful for the majority of the days of my life in East Texas. There were no major riots, no water hoses or dogs turned on the citizens by the police, none of that. but let it be known there was no secret that the better things of life were set aside for that part of the population that were not darker than blue. Everyone knew that with education the race would advance and the country as a whole would be all the better for it. things went along pretty good until 2008 then Barack Obama became President and that old BS came out the jar again. My advice is to put that racism and hatred back into that jar and slam the door on Pandora’s Box because the lid has only been cracked and nothing good has come out of it yet.

Many wonder what is all the uproar about. What is it They want now. Well, if you do not know, you have been walking under a veil of false security and I know that is not the case or you would wonder into those areas you know to stay the hell out of. Yes, I am talking about those seedy areas, those areas that make even the brave me, lock my doors and make sure the heat is within reach while the car is still rolling. Do not act like you don’t know, you know that area where you try to make your domicile as far as possible away from. This area is not a race it is a culture and that culture is fed by a society in total denial, that endures that this underbelly remains a permanent part of life as we know it. How you might say, well as long as there is inadequate schooling, and disproportionate dispersal of good and service including jobs, this underbelly swells like a pregnant roach and gives birth to more and more of the same populous.

There is a murmur in the air of what President Obama should do, what he has done or has not done for the African American Community. Hold UP! What the hell have you done?! Don’t, you think that if there are more jobs across America there will be more jobs for every citizen that has prepared his or herself for that opportunity. Sitting on your ass complaining, with your damn pants sagging below your ass is not gonna get your ass anywhere. Who the hell you think is going to hire you, looking like a fool and thinking you cool, while talking in a language that is incomprehensible to the majority of those in position to make a difference in your economic condition. What the hell you think somebody owe your ass something? Hell, the Government is passing out money in loans and grants like a man with his artery severed and all your ass want to do is get the money and buy cars, guns, and bling. GTFOH, ain’t no love here for that kind of thinking, I would not hire your sorry ass to mow my damn yard.

About us African Americans, we got to do better. Do you, the generation younger than 50, actually think we risk our lives for you to look like a fool, act like a fool, and waste your life like a fool? It is time for you to get a grip and realize what life is about, know what your responsibilities to society are, and what your responsibility as a sperm donor or absorber are. Walking around here making babies like it’s your job then walking away to do it all over again. Get a clue man, that is your blood. Your responsibility, and those responsibilities are far reaching. You might not be a rocket scientist, but be something, if it is nothing more than a handyman. Handymen start business and become successful business owners. You might not have prepared yourself in the first half of your life, but all is not lost, get off your ass and do something. Consider learning a trade or if you are astute enough go get a grant or loan, go back to school. This is the time to prepare yourself for the oncoming industrial buildup for the future, but you do not have forever to do it. The President is having hell getting Jobs Bills, farm Bills, infrastructure bills, or whatever it is passed to get the economy going, so get ready, the next building revolution is coming. Jobs of the future will be much different than they are today, or should I say today’s jobs will not give you the standard of living you desire. Do not be sagging and hanging and getting your record screwed up, use this time to better yourself.

Now, this group of misfits between the age of 25 and 35 you have proven to be a wasted rolled in the hay, how the hell the sperm that made you beat the other thousand is a total mystery to me, maybe you will come into your own before it is too damn late. The young women are selling blowjobs like it is a million dollar industry, while the deadbeat dads just wait fir you to get your money for they can buy big tires to go on their cars. What are you doing? You are entertainment on the court shows and the laughing stock on the “Baby Daddy Shows”. What is that all about? I’m mad at Zimmerman, but he was out there hunting a boogieman and woman that he felt if exterminated would make the world a lot better place for him and his chosen people to live. If they had gone for insanity I would have been less angry, but it is what it is.

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Looking Back Before We Move Forward ~ Part V1

As the Indian wars period ended another issue start to weight heavily on the American conciseness, what to do about slavery?.  The slaves had become one of the major issues of debate and it was not going away peacefully.  America was ready to explode like a powder keg, all it needed was a spark.  That spark came when the States started to suffer from a massive overload of manpower and a lessening need of their services.  the cotton gin and tractors were the new slave for the American dream and Negros became an in necessary burden upon the farmer and landowners.  One thing had not changed though, the Caucasian remained as lazy and as entitled as he always had been so he again went to work at a new kind of slavery called share cropping and the minimum wage.  This idea would prosper as long as there was a vast population that were on the verge of collapse.  This under educated under paid population was housed in quarters which later were replaced by the ghettos of present day America.  There is a plan behind the provitization of this underclass, anything illegal can become profit in a population such as this and he who has the resources controls the masses in this group.  From here all types of crime are incubated here from drugs, black market sales, prostitution,  and the grandfather of them all gang activities. The African American would have become as ruthless as today’s youth many years ago if it was not their early teachings in Christianity.

From this background and strong Christian values came Rev. Martin Luther King, Rev Jesse Jackson, Reverend Joseph Lowery, and many more ministers and religious leaders to keep the movement going in a direction to avoid direct confrontation with the US Military.  For this group of Civil Rights leaders were walking a very dangerous line that could have very easily fallen victim to John Edgar Hoover’s and McCarty’s Communist Witch hunts.

The
late 50′s and 60′s was a time of turmoil in the US, as a matter of fact
it was America’s 2nd Civil War, only this time it was fought with a
mixture of weapons, guns, marching, water hoses, dogs, and the First
Amendment. 

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Looking Back Before We Move Forward ~ Part V

http://www.who2.com/

Attorney Thurgood Marshall led the civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
to a successful hearing at the Supreme Court of the United States in
1954. He became the court’s first African-American justice 13 years
later. The descendant of slaves, Marshall graduated from all-black Linv. Board of Education of Topeka
to a successful hearing at the Supreme Court of the United States in
1954. He became the court’s first African-American justice 13 years
later. The court’s first African-American justice 13 years later. The
descendant of slaves, Marshall graduated from all-black Lincoln
University in Pennsylvania in 1930, then received a law degree from
Howard University in 1933. He opened his own law practice in Baltimore
and became known as a lawyer who would speak up for the rights of
African-Americans; this led him to a job with the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1936. He spent more
than two decades with the NAACP, gaining his greatest fame for the case
of Brown v. Board of Education from 1952-54. When the Supreme Court
ruled in 1954 that "Separate educational facilities are inherently
unequal," Marshall and the NAACP won a great victory for civil rights.


Marshall was nominated to the U.S. Court of Appeals (Second Circuit) in
1961, then appointed to the post of solicitor general in 1965 by
President Lyndon Johnson.
Marshall was appointed to the Supreme Court itself in 1967, where he
served for 24 years before he retired in 1991. Marshall, known as a
liberal throughout his tenure, was replaced on the court by
conservative African-American Clarence Thomas (appointed by President George H. W. Bush). Marshall died of heart failure two years later.

Extra credit:
Texas Southern University School of Law was renamed the Thurgood
Marshall School of Law in his honor in 1976… Marshall replaced Tom C.
Clark on the Supreme Court… Marshall was married twice: to the former
Vivian Burey (from 1929 until her death in 1955) and to Cecilia Suyat
(from 1955 until his death)… Marshall is buried in Arlington National
Cemetery.

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Looking Back Before We Move Forward ~ Part IV

Let, get back on track and take a look at why and who was in charge of the domestic policies in the US.  Let us look at a few of the Presidents during the last 200 years. First, who and what is a democrat and exactly what do democrats stand for?  I will start with John Quincy Adams the last of the true backers of America’s cast system till the present.  We must understand that the ideology and makeup of the Republican Party has changed drastically since Lincoln.  As a matter of fact what was then the Republican Party is now the Democratic Party.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president (1861–1865)

The party was created in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Act that would have allowed the expansion of slavery into Kansas. Their first official party meeting was held on July 6, 1854 in Jackson, Michigan.
Besides opposition to the expansion of slavery, the new party put
forward a progressive vision of modernizing the United States —
emphasizing higher education, banking, railroads, industry and cities,
while promising free homesteads to farmers. In this way, their economic
philosophy was similar to the Whig Party‘s. Its initial base was in the Northeast and Midwest. The Party nominated Abraham Lincoln and ascended to power in the election of 1860. The party fought for the Union in the American Civil War and presided over Reconstruction. In the election of 1864 a majority of Republicans united with pro-war Democrats to nominate Lincoln to the National Union Party ticket. A faction of Radical Republicans split with the party and formed the Radical Democracy Party. This group chose John C. Fremont as its presidential candidate, before reaching a political agreement and withdrawing from the election in September 1864.

The party’s success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those disturbed by Ulysses S. Grant ran Horace Greeley for the presidency against him. The Stalwarts defended the spoils system; the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The GOP supported big business generally, hard money (i.e., the gold standard), high tariffs, and generous pensions for Union veterans, and the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans supported the Protestants who demanded Prohibition.
As the Northern post-bellum economy boomed with heavy and light
industry, railroads, mines, fast-growing cities and prosperous
agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to
sustain the fast growth. But by 1890, the Republicans had agreed to the
Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers. The high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections, even defeating McKinley himself.

After the two terms of Democrat Grover Cleveland, the election of William McKinley in 1896 is widely seen as a resurgence of Republican dominance and is sometimes cited as a realigning election. McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Panic of 1893,
and that the GOP would guarantee a sort of pluralism in which all
groups would benefit. The Republicans were cemented as the party of
business, though mitigated by the succession of Theodore Roosevelt who embraced trust-busting. He later ran on a third party ticket of the Progressive Party and challenged his previous successor William Howard Taft. The party controlled the presidency throughout the 1920s, running on a platform of opposition to the League of Nations, high tariffs, and promotion of business interests. Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover were resoundingly elected in 1920, 1924, and 1928 respectively. The Teapot Dome scandal
threatened to hurt the party but Harding died and Coolidge blamed
everything on him, as the opposition splintered in 1924. The
pro-business policies of the decade seemed to produce an unprecedented
prosperity until the Wall Street Crash of 1929 heralded the Great Depression.

The New Deal coalition
of Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt controlled American politics for most
of the next three decades, excepting the two-term presidency of
Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower. African Americans
began moving toward favoring the Democratic Party during Roosevelt’s
time. After Roosevelt took office in 1933, New Deal legislation sailed
through Congress at lightning speed. In the 1934 midterm elections, 10
Republican senators went down to defeat, leaving them with only 25
against 71 Democrats. The House of Representatives was split in a
similar ratio. The "Second New Deal" was heavily criticized by the
Republicans in Congress, who likened it to class warfare and socialism.
The volume of legislation, and the inability of the Republicans to
block it, soon made the opposition to Roosevelt develop into
bitterness. Conservative Democrats, mostly from the South, joined with
Republicans led by Senator Robert Taft to create the conservative coalition, which dominated domestic issues in Congress until 1964.

The second half of the 20th century saw election of Republican presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, and George W. Bush. The Republican Party, led by House Republican Minority Whip Newt Gingrich campaigning on a Contract with America, were elected to majorities to both houses of Congress in the Republican Revolution
of 1994. Their majorities were generally held until the Democrats
regained control in the mid-term election of 2006. In the 21st century
the Republican Party is defined by social conservatism, an aggressive foreign policy to defeat terrorism and promote global democracy, a more powerful executive branch, tax cuts, and deregulation and subsidization of industry.

Name and symbols

1874 Nast cartoon featuring the first notable appearance of the Republican elephant[3]

The party’s founding members chose the name "Republican Party" in the mid-1850s in part as an homage to Thomas Jefferson (it was the name initially used by his party).[4][5] The name echoed the 1776 republican values of civic virtue and opposition to aristocracy and corruption.[6] It is the second-oldest continuing political party in the United States.

The term "Grand Old Party" is a traditional nickname for the
Republican Party, and the initialism "G.O.P." (or "GOP") is a commonly
used designation. According to the Republican Party, the term "gallant
old party" was used in 1875.[7] According to the Oxford English Dictionary,
the first known reference to the Republican Party as the "grand old
party" came in 1876. The first use of the abbreviation GOP is dated
1884. Some media have stopped using the term GOP because they think
it’s confusing.[8]
More facetiously, the abbreviation is sometimes held to stand for
"God’s own party", in reference to the party’s modern-day constituency
of conservative evangelical Christians.[9] In 2008, the new Washington state top two primary had Republican candidates competing against GOP candidates in the same races.[10][11]

The traditional mascot of the party is the elephant. A political cartoon by Thomas Nast, published in Harper’s Weekly on November 7, 1874, is considered the first important use of the symbol.[12] In the early 20th century, the usual symbol of the Republican Party in Midwestern states such as Indiana and Ohio was the eagle, as opposed to the Democratic rooster. This symbol still appears on Indiana, New York[13], and West Virginia[14] ballots.

After the 2000 election,
the color red became associated with the GOP, although it has not been
officially adopted by the party. That election night, for the first
time, all of the major broadcast networks used the same color scheme
for the electoral map: states won by Republican nominee George W. Bush were colored red, and states won by Democratic nominee Al Gore
were colored blue. Although the assignment of colors to political
parties is unofficial and informal, they have come to be widely
recognized by the media and the public to represent the respective
political parties (see Political color and Red states and blue states for more details).

Lincoln Day, Reagan Day,
or Lincoln-Reagan Day, is the primary annual fundraising celebration
held by many state and county organizations of the Republican Party.
The events are named after Republican Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Ronald Reagan.

Ideology

The Republican Party includes fiscal conservatives, social conservatives, neoconservatives, Moderates, and libertarians.

Economic policies

Republicans emphasize the role of free market
decision making in fostering economic prosperity. They support the idea
of individuals being economically responsible for their own actions and
decisions. They favor a laissez-faire free market, policies supporting business, economic liberalism, and fiscal conservatism but with higher spending on the military. A leading economic theory advocated by modern Republicans is supply-side economics. Some fiscal policies influenced by this theory were popularly known as "Reaganomics," a term popularized during the Presidential administrations of Ronald Reagan. This theory holds that reduced income tax rates increase GDP
growth and thereby generate the same or more revenue for the government
from the smaller tax on the extra growth. This belief is reflected, in
part, by the party’s long-term advocacy of tax cuts. Many Republicans
consider the income tax system to be inherently inefficient and oppose
graduated tax rates, which they believe are unfairly targeted at those
who create jobs and wealth. They believe private spending is usually
more efficient than government spending.

Most Republicans agree there should be a "safety net" to assist the
less fortunate; however, they tend to believe the private sector is
more effective in helping the poor than government is; as a result,
Republicans support giving government grants to faith-based and other
private charitable organizations to supplant welfare spending. Members
of the GOP also believe that limits on eligibility and benefits must be
in place to ensure the safety net is not abused. Republicans introduced
and strongly supported the welfare reform of 1996,
which was signed into law by Democratic President Clinton, and which
limited eligibility for welfare, successfully leading to many former
welfare recipients finding jobs.[15]

The party opposes a single-payer universal health care system, believing such a system constitutes socialized medicine and is in favor of a personal or employer-based system of insurance, supplemented by Medicare for the elderly and Medicaid, which covers approximately 40% of the poor.[16] The GOP has a mixed record of supporting the historically popular Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid
programs, all of which Republicans initially opposed. On the one hand,
congressional Republicans and the Bush administration supported a
reduction in Medicaid’s growth rate.[17]
On the other hand, congressional Republicans expanded Medicare,
supporting a new drug plan for seniors starting in 2006. Republicans
are generally opposed by labor union management and members, and have supported various legislation on the state and federal levels, including right to work legislation and the Taft-Hartley Act, which gives workers the right not to participate in unions, as opposed to a closed shop, which prohibits workers from choosing not to join unions in workplaces. Republicans generally oppose increases in the minimum wage,
believing that minimum wage increases hurt many businesses by forcing
them to cut jobs and services as well as raise the prices of goods to
compensate for the decrease in profit.

Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party.
It is the oldest political party in continuous operation in the United
States and it is one of the oldest parties in the world. Today, the
party supports a liberal and/or center-left platform. [3][4][5]

The Democratic Party traces its origins to the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. However, the modern Democratic party truly arose in the 1830s, with the election of Andrew Jackson. Since the division of the Republican Party in the election of 1912, it has gradually positioned itself to the left
of the Republican Party on economic and social issues. Until the period
following the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Democratic
Party was primarily a coalition of two parties divided by region.
Southern Democrats were typically given high conservative ratings by
the American Conservative Union while northern Democrats were typically given very low ratings. Southern Democrats were a core bloc of the bipartisan conservative coalition that lasted through the Reagan-era. The economically activist philosophy of Franklin D. Roosevelt, which has strongly influenced American liberalism,
has shaped much of the party’s economic agenda since 1932, and served
to tie the two regional factions of the party together until the late
1960s. In fact, Roosevelt’s New Deal coalition usually controlled the national government until the 1970s.

In 2004, it was the largest political party, with 72 million voters (42.6% of 169 million registered) claiming affiliation. By comparison the Republican Party has 55 million members. [6]
An August 2008 estimate claims that 51% of registered voters, including
independents, lean toward the Democratic Party and 38% lean toward the
Republican Party.[7] Since the 2008 general elections, the Democratic Party is the majority party for the 111th Congress; the party holds a majority in both the House of Representatives and the United States Senate. Democrats also hold a majority of state governorships and control a majority of state legislatures. Barack Obama, the current President of the United States, is the 16th Democrat to hold that office.

Ideology

Composition of the Democratic base according to a 2005 Pew Research Center study.

Since the 1890s, the Democratic Party has favored "liberal" positions (the term "liberal" in this sense describes social liberalism, not classical liberalism). In recent exit polls, the Democratic Party has had broad appeal across all socio-ethno-economic demographics.[9][10][11]
The Democratic Party is currently the nation’s largest party. In 2004,
roughly 72 million (42.6 percent) Americans were registered Democrats,
compared to 55 million (32.5 percent) Republicans and 42 million (24.8
percent) independents.[6]

Historically, the party has favored farmers, laborers, labor unions,
and religious and ethnic minorities; it has opposed unregulated
business and finance, and favored progressive income taxes. In foreign
policy, internationalism (including interventionism) was a dominant
theme from 1913 to the mid-1960s. In the 1930s, the party began
advocating welfare spending programs targeted at the poor. The party
had a pro-business wing, typified by Al Smith, and a Southern conservative wing that shrank after President Lyndon B. Johnson supported the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The major influences for liberalism were labor unions (which peaked in the 1936–1952 era), and the African American wing, which has steadily grown since the 1960s. Since the 1970s, environmentalism has been a major new component.

In recent decades, the party has adopted a centrist economic and more socially progressive agenda, with the voter base having shifted considerably. Once dominated by unionized labor and the working class,
the Democratic base currently consists of well-educated and relatively
affluent liberals, the socially more conservative working class, middle
class moderates, the young, women, minorities, and LGBTS.[12] Today, Democrats advocate more social freedoms, affirmative action, balanced budget, and a free enterprise system tempered by government intervention (mixed economy). The economic policy adopted by the modern Democratic Party, including the former Clinton administration, may also be referred to as the "Third Way".[13] The party believes that government should play a role in alleviating poverty and social injustice, even if such requires a larger role for government and progressive taxation.

The Democratic Party, once dominant in the Southeastern United States, is now strongest in the Northeast (Mid-Atlantic and New England), Great Lakes region, and the Pacific Coast (including Hawaii). The Democrats are also strongest in major cities.

Voter Base

Liberals

Opinions of liberals in a 2005 Pew Research Center study.

Social liberals,
also referred to as progressives or modern liberals, constitute roughly
half of the Democratic voter base. Liberals thereby form the largest
united typological demographic within the Democratic base. According to
the 2008 exit poll results, liberals constituted 22 percent of the
electorate, and 89 percent of American liberals favored the candidate
of the Democratic Party.[14]
While college-educated professionals were mostly Republican until the
1950s, they now compose perhaps the most vital component of the
Democratic Party.[15] A majority of liberals favor diplomacy over military action, stem cell research, the legalization of same-sex marriage, secular government, stricter gun control, and environmental protection laws as well as the preservation of abortion rights. Immigration and cultural diversity is deemed positive; liberals favor cultural pluralism,
a system in which immigrants retain their native culture in addition to
adopting their new culture. They tend to be divided on free trade
agreements and organizations such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Most liberals oppose increased military spending and the display of the Ten Commandments in public buildings.[12]

This ideological group differs from the traditional organized labor base. According to the Pew Research Center, a plurality of 41 percent resided in mass affluent
households and 49 percent were college graduates, the highest figure of
any typographical group. It was also the fastest growing typological
group between the late 1990s and early 2000s.[12] Liberals include most of academia[16] and large portion of the professional class.[9][10][11]

Many progressive Democrats are descendants of the New Left of Democratic presidential candidate Senator George McGovern of South Dakota; others were involved in the presidential candidacies of Vermont Governor Howard Dean and U.S. Representative Dennis Kucinich of Ohio; still others are disaffected former members of the Green Party.[citation needed] The Congressional Progressive Caucus
(CPC) is a caucus of progressive Democrats, and is the single largest
Democratic caucus in the House of Representatives. Its members have
included Dennis Kucinich of Ohio, John Conyers of Michigan, Jim McDermott of Washington, John Lewis of Georgia, Barbara Lee of California, the late Senator Paul Wellstone of Minnesota, and Sherrod Brown of Ohio, now a Senator.

Civil libertarians

See also: Libertarian Democrat

Civil libertarians also often support the Democratic Party because Democratic positions on such issues as civil rights and separation of church and state
are more closely aligned to their own than the positions of the
Republican Party, and because the Democratic economic agenda may be
more appealing to them than that of the Libertarian Party.[citation needed] They oppose gun control, the "War on Drugs," protectionism, corporate welfare, government debt, and an interventionist foreign policy. The Democratic Freedom Caucus is an organized group of this faction.

Conservatives

See also: Southern Democrats.

The Pew Research Center has stated that conservative Democrats represent 15% of registered voters and 14% of the general electorate.[12] In the House of Representatives, the Blue Dog Coalition, a caucus of fiscal and social conservatives and moderates, primarily southerners, forms part of the Democratic Party’s current faction of conservative Democrats.
They have acted as a unified voting bloc in the past, giving its forty
plus members some ability to change legislation and broker compromises
with the Republican Party‘s leadership. Historically, southern Democrats were generally much more ideologically conservative.
In 1972, the last year that a sizable number of conservatives dominated
the southern wing of the Democratic Party, the American Conservative
Union gave higher ratings to most southern Democratic Senators and
Congressmen than it did to Republicans. Today, Democrats are usually
classified as ‘conservatives’ on the basis of holding some socially conservative views to the right of the national party, even though their overall viewpoint is generally far more liberal than conservative Democrats of years past.

Centrists

Though centrist
Democrats differ on a variety of issues, they typically foster a mix of
political views and ideas. Compared to other Democratic factions, they
tend to be more supportive of the use of military force, including the
war in Iraq, and are more willing to reduce government welfare, as
indicated by their support for welfare reform and tax cuts. One of the most influential factions is the Democratic Leadership Council (DLC), a nonprofit organization that advocates centrist positions for the party. The DLC hails President Bill Clinton as proof of the viability of "Third Way" politicians and a DLC success story. Former Representative Harold Ford, Jr. of Tennessee is its current chairman.

Current structure and composition

Registered Democrats, Republicans and Independents in 2004.[6]

The Democratic National Committee
(DNC) is responsible for promoting Democratic campaign activities.
While the DNC is responsible for overseeing the process of writing the
Democratic Platform, the DNC is more focused on campaign and
organizational strategy than public policy. In presidential elections
it supervises the Democratic National Convention.
The national convention is, subject to the charter of the party, the
ultimate authority within the Democratic Party when it is in session,
with the DNC running the party’s organization at other times. The DNC
is currently chaired by Virginia Governor Tim Kaine.

The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) assists party candidates in House races; its current chairman (selected by the party caucus) is Rep. Chris Van Hollen of Maryland. Similarly the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) raises large sums for Senate races. It is currently headed by Senator Robert Menendez
of New Jersey. The Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee (DLCC),
currently chaired by Mike Gronstal of Iowa, is a smaller organization
with much less funding that focuses on state legislative races. The DNC
sponsors the College Democrats of America (CDA), a student-outreach organization with the goal of training and engaging a new generation of Democratic activists. Democrats Abroad
is the organization for Americans living outside the United States;
they work to advance the goals of the party and encourage Americans
living abroad to support the Democrats. The Young Democrats of America
(YDA) is a youth-led organization that attempts to draw in and mobilize
young people for Democratic candidates, but operates outside of the
DNC. In addition, the recently created branch of the Young Democrats,
the Young Democrats High School Caucus, attempts to raise awareness and
activism amongst teenagers to not only vote and volunteer, but
participate in the future as well.The Democratic Governors Association
(DGA) is an organization supporting the candidacies of Democratic
gubernatorial nominees and incumbents; it is currently chaired by
Governor Brian Schweitzer of Montana. Similarly the mayors of the largest cities and urban centres convene as the National Conference of Democratic Mayors.

Each state also has a state committee, made up of elected committee
members as well as ex-officio committee members (usually elected
officials and representatives of major constituencies), which in turn
elects a chair. County, town, city and ward committees generally are
composed of individuals elected at the local level. State and local
committees often coordinate campaign activities within their
jurisdiction, oversee local conventions and in some cases primaries or
caucuses, and may have a role in nominating candidates for elected
office under state law. Rarely do they have much funding, but in 2005
DNC Chairman Dean began a program (called the "50 State Strategy") of
using DNC national funds to assist all state parties and paying for
full-time professional staffers.[8]

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Looking Back Before We Move Forward ~ Part III



From
Harriet Tubman, Frances Harper, Crispus Attucks, John Brown, Anna Weem, Denmark Vesey,
and
Frederick Douglass, (Antislavery Activist) great leaders were in the fore front of the fight
for freedom. Now the U S has to deal with the freed man, better known as the Black
Revolutionary, leaders like
Nat Turner, Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X Martin Luther King, Huey Newton & The Black Panthers, Rev. Jesse Jackson, Sr, Al Sharpton, Elijah Muhammad, Louis Farrakhan and The Nation of Islam. We must not forget another great group of martyrs in this war on equality , The S.L.A., Symbionese Liberation Army‘s
sacrifices for this historic day.

Then we must go to the individual
house holds, where there were sometimes a single mother that keep
telling the youngsters "you can make it if you try", when her dreams
had been dashed by the same country that her son’s and daughter’s
dreams were now connected to.

To the fathers that stood strong and
fulfilled their duties to the family and those that tried but failed,
but continued to be that positive force in their children’s life. To
the children that still hold on to the dream and seek knowledge as a
weapon for the destruction of walls that hold them back.

"GO FORTH AMERICA AND DO GREAT THINGS"
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Looking Back Before We Move Forward ~ Part II


John Quincy Adams ~ Promotion of Slavery & Genocide of Indians Was In Full Effect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Adams served as the sixth President of the United States
from March 4, 1825, to March 3, 1829. He took the oath of office on a
book of laws, instead of the more traditional Bible, in order to
preserve the separation of church and state.[6][7]

Adams was elected a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts
after leaving office, the only president ever to do so, serving for the
last 17 years of his life. In the House he became a leading opponent of
the Slave Power and argued that if a civil war ever broke out the president could abolish slavery by using his war powers, which Abraham Lincoln partially did during the American Civil War in the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation.

Indian Reservation Controversy

The Indian Removal Policy was controversial from the start. Reservations were generally established by executive order.
In many cases, white settlers objected to the size of land parcels,
which were subsequently reduced. A report submitted to Congress in 1868
found widespread corruption among the federal Native American agencies
and generally poor conditions among the relocated tribes.

Many tribes ignored the relocation orders at first and were forced
onto their new limited land parcels. Enforcement of the policy required
the United States Army
to restrict the movements of various tribes. The pursuit of tribes in
order to force them back onto reservations led to a number of Native
American Wars. The most well known conflict was the Sioux War on the northern Great Plains, between 1876 and 1881, which included the Battle of Little Bighorn. Other famous wars in this regard included the Nez Perce War.

By the late 1870s, the policy established by President Grant was
regarded as a failure, primarily because it had resulted in some of the
bloodiest wars between Native Americans and the United States. By 1877,
President Rutherford B. Hayes
began phasing out the policy, and by 1882 all religious organizations
had relinquished their authority to the federal Indian agency.

Most Indian reservations, like the Laguna Indian reservation in New
Mexico (pictured 1943), are in the western United States, often in arid
regions unsuitable for agriculture.

In 1887, Congress undertook a significant change in reservation policy by the passage of the Dawes Act,
or General Allotment (Severalty) Act. The act ended the general policy
of granting land parcels to tribes as-a-whole by granting small parcels
of land to individual tribe members. In some cases, for example the Umatilla Indian Reservation,
after the individual parcels were granted out of reservation land, the
reservation area was reduced by giving the excess land to white
settlers. The individual allotment policy continued until 1934, when it
was terminated by the Indian Reorganization Act.

The Indian New Deal

The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, also known as the Howard-Wheeler Act, was sometimes called the Indian New Deal.
It laid out new rights for Native Americans, reversed some of the
earlier privatization of their common holdings, and encouraged self-government
and land management by tribes. The act slowed the assignment of tribal
lands to individual members, and reduced the assignment of ‘extra’
holdings to nonmembers.

For the following twenty years, the U.S. government invested in
infrastructure, health care, and education on the reservations, and
over two million acres (8,000 km²) of land were returned to various
tribes. Within a decade of John Collier‘s
retirement (the initiator of the Indian New Deal) the government’s
position began to swing in the opposite direction. The new Indian
Commissioners Myers and Emmons introduced the idea of the "withdrawal
program" or "termination" which sought to end the government’s
responsibility and involvement with Indians and to force their
assimilation. The Indians would lose their lands but be compensated
(though those who lost their lands often weren’t). Though discontent
and social rejection killed the idea before it was fully implemented,
five tribes were terminated (Coushattas, Utes, Paiutes, Menominees and Klamaths)
and 114 groups in California lost their federal recognition as tribes.
Many individuals were also relocated to cities only to have a full
third of them return to their tribes in the decades following.

Domestic policies

During his term, he worked on developing the American System,
consisting of a high tariff to support internal improvements such as
road-building, and a national bank to encourage productive enterprise
and form a national currency. In his first annual message to Congress,
Adams presented an ambitious program for modernization that included
roads, canals, a national university, an astronomical observatory, and
other initiatives. The support for his proposals was limited, even from
his own party. His critics accused him of unseemly arrogance because of
his narrow victory. Most of his initiatives were opposed in Congress by
Jackson‘s supporters, who remained outraged over the 1824 election.

Nonetheless, some of his proposals were adopted, specifically the extension of the Cumberland Road into Ohio with surveys for its continuation west to St. Louis; the beginning of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, the construction of the Delaware and Chesapeake Canal and the Portland to Louisville Canal around the falls of the Ohio; the connection of the Great Lakes to the Ohio River system in Ohio and Indiana; and the enlargement and rebuilding of the Dismal Swamp Canal in North Carolina.

Another blow to Adams’ presidency was his generous policy toward Native
Americans. Settlers on the frontier, who were constantly seeking to
move westward, cried for a more expansionist policy. When the federal
government tried to assert authority on behalf of the Cherokees, the
governor of Georgia took up arms. It was a sign of nullification that
foreshadowed the secession of the Southern states during the Civil War.
Adams defended his domestic agenda as continuing Monroe’s policies. In
contrast, Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren instigated the policy of
Indian removal to the west (i.e. the Trail of Tears).

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The Slave Power (sometimes referred to as the "Slaveocracy") was a term used in the Northern United States (primarily in the period 1840-1875) to characterize the political power of the slaveholding class in the South.

Contents

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Background

The problem posed by slavery, according to many Northern politicians, was not so much the mistreatment of slaves (a theme that abolitionists emphasized), but rather the political threat to American republicanism, especially as embraced in Northern free states. The Free Soil Party first raised this warning in 1848, arguing that the annexation of Texas as a slave state was a terrible mistake. The Free Soilers rhetoric was taken up by the Republican party as it emerged in 1854.

The Republicans also argued that slavery was economically
inefficient, compared to free labor, and was a deterrent to the
long-term modernization of America. Worse, said the Republicans, the
Slave Power, deeply entrenched in the "Solid South", was systematically seizing control of the White House, the Congress, and the Supreme Court. Senator and governor Salmon P. Chase of Ohio was an articulate enemy of the Slave Power, as was Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts.

House divided

In his celebrated "House Divided" speech of June 1858, Abraham Lincoln charged that Senator Stephen A. Douglas, President James Buchanan, his predecessor, Franklin Pierce, and Chief Justice Roger Taney were all part of a plot to nationalize slavery, as proven by the Supreme Court’s Dred Scott decision of 1857.

Other Republicans pointed to the violence in Kansas, the brutal assault on Senator Sumner, attacks upon the abolitionist press, and efforts to take over Cuba (Ostend Manifesto) as evidence that the Slave Power was violent, aggressive, and expansive.

The only solution, Republicans insisted, was a new commitment to
free labor, and a deliberate effort to stop any more territorial
expansion of slavery. Northern Democrats answered that it was all an
exaggeration and that the Republicans were paranoid. Their Southern
colleagues spoke of secession, arguing that the John Brown raid of 1859 proved that the Republicans were ready to attack their region and destroy their way of life.

In congratulating President-elect Lincoln in 1860, Salmon P. Chase
exclaimed, "The object of my wishes and labors for nineteen years is
accomplished in the overthrow of the Slave Power", adding that the way
was now clear "for the establishment of the policy of Freedom" —
something that would come only after four destructive years of Civil War.

The Slave Years Another Black Mark For America

It seems that as soon as the New Americans finished breaking the back of the Native American the new Christians brought in another group of humans to abuse.  These two categories of humans, American Indians and African slaves  lived a parallel life of abuse, but since the Native Americans were total failures as slaves they had to be disposed of, thus the African became much more of a commodity.

Receipt for $500.00 payment for slave, 1840. (US$10,300 adjusted for inflation as of 2007[update].)
"Recd of Judge S. Williams his notes for five hundred Dollars in full
payment for a negro man named Ned which negro I warrant to be sound and
well and I do bind myself by these presents to forever warrant and
defend the right and Title of the said negro to the said Williams his
heirs or assigns against the legal claims of all persons whatsoever.
Witness my hand and seal this day and year above written. Eliza Wallace
[seal]"


The first Africans were brought to Jamestown in 1619 by a Dutch slave
ship which was trying to get to the Spanish possessions further south
but got blown off course. The English colonists bought the human cargo
but did not make slaves of them, instead they made them indentured
servants. When they had served their indentures they were freed, given
land and tools and accepted as members of the colony just like any
English indentured servants. They were even permitted to vote. In 1619,
a Dutch ship arrived in Jamestown, Virginia. It picked up tobacco and
paid for it with 20 black African captives which the Dutch probably had
seized from a slave trader bound for the Spanish West Indies. By 1700,
enslaved blacks would comprise a majority of the work force in some of
the southern colonies. More Africans were brought to the colony and
sold but their indentures were gradually lengthened until they became
eventually life long (terms of 99 years for instance) and eventually
they were just enslaved outright.
Slavery in the United States began soon after English colonists first settled Virginia in 1607 and lasted until the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1865. Before the widespread establishment of chattel slavery, much labor was organized under a system of bonded labor known as indentured servitude.

The 17th century saw an increase in shipments with slaves arriving in the English colony of Jamestown, Virginia in 1619. Irish immigrants brought slaves to Montserrat in 1651. And in 1655, slaves arrive in Belize.

Economics of slavery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Slave ship diagram

The Red Slave States

The plantation economies of the New World were built on slave labor. Seventy percent of the slaves brought to the new world were used to produce sugar, the most labor-intensive crop. The rest were employed harvesting coffee, cotton, and tobacco, and in some cases in mining.
The West Indian colonies of the European powers were some of their most
important possessions, so they went to extremes to protect and retain
them. For example, at the end of the Seven Years’ War in 1763, France agreed to cede the vast territory of New France to the victors in exchange for keeping the minute Antillean island of Guadeloupe.

Slave trade profits have been the object of many fantasies. Returns
for the investors were not absurdly high (around 6% in France in the
18th century), but they were considerably higher than domestic
alternatives (in the same century, around 5%). Risks — maritime and
commercial — were important for individual voyages. Investors mitigated
it by buying small shares of many ships at the same time. In that way,
they were able to diversify a large part of the risk away. Between
voyages, ship shares could be freely sold and bought. All these made
the slave trade a very interesting investment.[59]

By far the most successful West Indian colonies in 1800 belonged to
the United Kingdom. After entering the sugar colony business late,
British naval supremacy and control over key islands such as Jamaica, Trinidad, the Leeward Islands and Barbados and the territory of British Guiana
gave it an important edge over all competitors; while many British did
not make gains, a handful of individuals made small fortunes. This
advantage was reinforced when France lost its most important colony, St. Dominigue (western Hispaniola, now Haiti), to a slave revolt in 1791[60]
and supported revolts against its rival Britain, after the 1793 French
revolution in the name of liberty. Before 1791, British sugar had to be
protected to compete against cheaper French sugar.

After 1791, the British islands produced the most sugar, and the
British people quickly became the largest consumers. West Indian sugar
became ubiquitous as an additive to Indian tea. Nevertheless, the
profits of the slave trade and of West Indian plantations amounted to less than 5% of the British economy at the time of the Industrial Revolution in the latter half of the 1700s.[61]

http://www.galenfrysinger.com/senegal_goree_island_house_of_slaves.htm

Effects

World population (in millions)[62]
Year 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 1999

World 791 978 1,262 1,650 2,521 5,978

Africa 106 107 111 133 221 767

Asia 502 635 809 947 1,402 3,634

Europe 163 203 276 408 547 729

Latin America and the Caribbean 16 24 38 74 167 511

Northern America 2 7 26 82 172 307

Oceania 2 2 2 6 13 30

World population (by percentage distribution)
Year 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 1999

World 100 100 100 100 100 100

Africa 13.4 10.9 8.8 8.1 8.8 12.8

Asia 63.5 64.9 64.1 57.4 55.6 60.8

Europe 20.6 20.8 21.9 24.7 21.7 12.2

Latin America and the Caribbean 2.0 2.5 3.0 4.5 6.6 8.5

Northern America 0.3 0.7 2.1 5.0 6.8 5.1

Oceania 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5

Historian Walter Rodney
has argued that at the start of the slave trade in the 16th century,
even though there was a technological gap between Europe and Africa, it
was not very substantial. Both continents were using Iron Age
technology. The major advantage that Europe had was in ship building.
During the period of slavery the populations of Europe and the Americas
grew exponentially while the population of Africa remained stagnant.
Rodney contended that the profits from slavery were used to fund
economic growth and technological advancement in Europe and the
Americas. Based on earlier theories by Eric Williams, he asserted that
the industrial revolution was at least in part funded by agricultural
profits from the Americas. He cited examples such as the invention of the steam engine by James Watt, which was funded by plantation owners from the Caribbean[63].

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